A new study sheds light on the skin microbiome—a group of microorganisms that live on skin—in healthy humpback whales, which could aid in future efforts to monitor their health. The phenomenon considerably limits the effectiveness of chemical dispersants, which are designed to break up floating oil and reduce the amount of oil that reaches coastlines. May 2, For Emperor penguins waddling around a warming Antarctic, diminishing sea ice means less fish to eat. This "liquid " organization and structure enables breeding colonies to protect themselves against predators while also keeping members together. A research team led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI found the fingerprint of a massive flood of fresh water in the western Arctic, thought to be the cause of an ancient cold snap that began around 13, years ago. The award comes from The Audacious Project, a bold new philanthropic collaboration housed at TED to fund critical ideas that have potential to create massive, global change. Thompson teamed up with colleagues H. June 20, Scientists published the first hearing tests on a wild population of healthy marine mammals. A better understanding of sea-level change in the past can help to inform predictions for the future. Deep-diving whales and other marine mammals can get the bends—the same painful and potentially life-threatening decompression sickness that strikes scuba divers who surface too quickly.
The tests on beluga whales in Bristol Bay, AK, revealed that the whales have sensitive auditory systems and showed less age-related hearing loss than is expected. If changing climate leads to smaller ice sheets in the future, this may provoke similar instability. Two new studies have shown that sunlight transforms oil spills on the ocean surface more significantly and quickly than previously thought. Until now, however, measuring the productivity of subseafloor microbe communities—or how fast they oxidize chemicals and the amount of carbon they produce—has been nearly impossible. February 14, Monitoring Bacteria on Whale Skin Just like with humans, the skin on marine mammals serves as an important line of defense against pathogens in their environment. This "liquid " organization and structure enables breeding colonies to protect themselves against predators while also keeping members together. Scientists develop new coral dating method, hint at future sea-level changes September 11, , Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution New evidence of sea-level oscillations during a warm period that started about , years ago raises the possibility of a similar scenario if the planet continues its more recent warming trend, says a research team led by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI. By calculating more accurate ages for the coral samples than previously possible, they found that sea levels were considerably less stable than earlier believed--oscillating up and down by 4 to 6 meters feet over a few thousand years about , years ago during a period known as the Last Interglacial. The phenomenon considerably limits the effectiveness of chemical dispersants, which are designed to break up floating oil and reduce the amount of oil that reaches coastlines. For the first time, however, a new study led by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI has shown that river outflow could play a role in sea level change as well. East Coast in In a paper published online in the Sept. The dating of fossil corals below and above this erosional surface, using our new methods, reveals important details about the timing of sea-level change that were previously obscured. Drop by for special school vacation activities. How the diets of these tuxedoed birds will hold up in the face of climate change is a big question scientists are grappling with. Two fossil reefs are evident at the Bahamas sites, separated by an erosional surface that was cut by wave action. Until now, scientists attempting to date Last Interglacial coral reefs concluded erroneously that sea level was relatively stable during this period. Wilson of the College of Wooster, experts on the key Bahamas fossil coral sites. The first reef grew when sea levels were about 4 meters 13 feet higher than today. Should the current warming trend continue, Thompson said, a scenario similar to that of the Last Interglacial could result. If the system continues to weaken, it could disrupt weather patterns from the United States and Europe to the African Sahel, and cause more rapid increase in sea level on the U. Deep-diving whales and other marine mammals can get the bends—the same painful and potentially life-threatening decompression sickness that strikes scuba divers who surface too quickly. April 9, Stop by to learn about science and engineering at WHOI through videos and interactive exhibits. February 28, Where Fresh is Cool in Bay of Bengal Each summer, the South Asian monsoon transforms parts of India from semi-arid into lush green lands able to support farming. A research team led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI found the fingerprint of a massive flood of fresh water in the western Arctic, thought to be the cause of an ancient cold snap that began around 13, years ago.
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